Adam Smith (1723 - 1790) - An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776)
The book offers one of the world's first collected descriptions of what builds nations' wealth, and is today a fundamental work in classical economics. By reflecting upon the economics at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the book touches upon such broad topics as the division of labour, productivity, and free markets.
Just to make you curious:
- A person who can acquire no property, can have no other interest but to eat as much, and to labour as little as possible.