Yuval Noah Harari (*1976) - Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind (2011)
One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one - homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us? Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition.